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.What are WebBrowsers . 

web browser is a software application for retrieving, presenting, and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web. Aninformation resource is identified by a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) and may be a web page, image, video, or other piece of content.Hyperlinks present in resources enable users to easily navigate their browsers to related resources.
Although browsers are primarily intended to access the World Wide Web, they can also be used to access information provided by web servers in private networks or files in file systems.
Some of the most popular browsers


WorldWideWeb for NeXT, released in 1991, was the first web browser.
The history of the web browser dates back to the late 1980s, when a variety of technologies laid the foundation for the first web browser,WorldWideWeb, by Tim Berners-Lee in 1991. That browser brought together a variety of existing and new software and hardware technologies.
The introduction of the NCSA Mosaic web browser in 1993 – one of the first graphical web browsers – led to an explosion in web use.Marc Andreessen, the leader of the Mosaic team at NCSA, soon started his own company, named Netscape, and released the Mosaic-influenced Netscape Navigator in 1994, which quickly became the world's most popular browser, accounting for 90% of all web use at its peak (see usage share of web browsers).
Microsoft responded with its browser Internet Explorer in 1995 (also heavily influenced by Mosaic), initiating the industry's first browser war. By bundling Internet Explorer with Windows, Microsoft was able to leverage its dominance in the operating system market to take over the web browser market; Internet Explorer usage share peaked at over 95% by 2002.
Opera debuted in 1996; although it has never achieved widespread use, having less than 1% browser usage share as of February 2009 according to Net Applications,, having grown to 2.14 in April 2011 its Opera-mini version has an additive share, in April 2011 amounting to 1.11 % of overall browser use, but focused on the fast-growing mobile phone web browser market, being preinstalled on over 40 million phones. It is also available on several other embedded systems, including Nintendo's Wii video game console.
In 1998, Netscape launched what was to become the Mozilla Foundation in an attempt to produce a competitive browser using the open source software model. That browser would eventually evolve into Firefox, which developed a respectable following while still in the beta stage of development; shortly after the release of Firefox 1.0 in late 2004, Firefox (all versions) accounted for 7.4% of browser use. As of April 2011, Firefox has a 21.63% usage share.
Apple's Safari had its first beta release in January 2003; as of April 2011, it has a dominant share of Apple-based web browsing, accounting for just over 7.15% of the entire browser market.
The most recent major entrant to the browser market is Google's Chrome, first released in September 2008. As of April 2011, it has a 11.94% usage share.


List of popular Web Browsers:
There was a time when many thought the browser wars were over. Thankfully, that was not the case. Thanks to the resurgence of Mozilla and Firefox earlier in the decade, computer users today have an extensive list of browsers to choose from.
We’ve rounded up them into a nice list, categorized by operating system.

Cross Platform

Several of the bigger names in the browser world have spent time focusing on delivering their product to multiple operating systems. This helps them lead the way — in fact, many of the browsers available are built on the underlying technology of one of the big names like Mozilla or Webkit.
Windows, Mac or Linux users have the majority of these browsers available to them.
The browser that refueled the browser wars.


After years of no innovation in the browser space, Mozilla started from scratch — Firefox was the result. And now users have no shortage of browsers to choose from, partly due to the work of the Mozilla foundation. Download Firefox 4.0


Apple's venture into this arena, Safari is fast.
Apple’s venture into this arena, Safari is fast. Originally created so Apple could remove Internet Explorer for Mac from their computers, Safari is based on open source software and is one of the fastest browsers available. Download Safari for Mac and PC
Google wants their own browser as well.


Google entered this arena and many speculated it was so they could build their operating system. With the announcements of the Google OS earlier this year, this seems to be true.Download Google Chrome


The red-headed stepchild of the browser world, Opera is underappreciated.
Opera is a strange bird in the browser world. It has a strong feature set and performs decently when compared to the other big names. But for some reason, it has never really caught on and sees minimal usage on any operating system.Download Opera for Mac,PC,linux
Download Opera for mobile and Tablets
The evolution of the Mozilla Application Suite.


Another project from the Mozilla Foundation, Seamonkey is the product formerly known as the Mozilla Application suite. The web browser is at the core, but it also offers an email client, IRC chat, and HTML editing.


Built on Firefox, Flock is focused on the social web.
Another browser built on Firefox’s Gecko rendering engine, Flock is aimed at heavy social web users. It has key integration features with many popular web services like Flickr and Twitter.


Mozilla's foray into the world of SSB's (single site browsers).
Thanks to the popularity of Fluid, the concept of Single Site Browsers (SSB) has gained a lot of popularity. The idea is that a lot of people were using one or more web applications all day, every day.
Rather than have those apps as just another tab amongst all the other tabs in your browser, SSB’s allow you to run your apps in their own window. This also helps when your browser crashes because you have more than 20 tabs loaded — your web app is protected in its own environment.
And Prism is Mozilla’s entry in this space.


If Firefox, Safari, Opera or Chrome don’t suit your fancy, there are other options available for Windows users. Obviously, there is the browser packaged in the operating system, and the majority of Windows users are happy with Internet Explorer.
But there are other options for users of this platform. These listed here are all based on Internet Explorer technology.
After years of inactivity, Microsoft has produced 2 new versions in the last 3 years.

Internet Explorer

After years of inactivity, Microsoft has produced 2 new versions in the last 3 years. Although some would say they are still behind in the race, there are encouraging signs that Redmond is starting to care about web standards.

Deepnet Explorer

An option focused on security.One of the earliest browsers to feature anti-phishing technology, Deepnet Explorer uses the same redering engine as Internet Explorer.
Avant also piggyback's on the users install of IE.


Another browser that uses the Trident layout engine, Avant is intended to offer a more useful experience than Internet Explorer on Windows.


One of the more solid options for Windows users, Maxthon supports the trident and gecko rendering engines.
One of the more solid options for Windows users, Maxthon supports the Trident and Gecko rendering engines. It’s next version is switching from Gecko to WebKit.


Since Apple joined in on the browser wars by dumping Internet Explorer for Mac and building their own browser, they have focused on speed and ease of use (like so much of what they do). But many Mac users don’t like Safari because of its lack of features.
Luckily, the browsers available to OS X are some of the most unique browsers available. Mac users have it good in this regard.
Firefox's little brother on OS X, Camino is a lightweight, fast browser.
Firefox's little brother on OS X, Camino is a lightweight, fast browser.


Built on the Gecko rendering engine, Camino was intended to be a more ‘native’ application than Firefox on OS X. And it is. Rather than use Firefox’s XUL-based GUI, Camino uses OS X’s native Cocoa APIs.
It’s a very fast option for Mac users.
Based on WebKit, Shiira is one of the most innovative browsers available.
A unique option on the Mac.


Based on WebKit, Shiira was once of the most innovative browsers available. The interface offered a lot of touches that are now more common amongst Mac applications. It’s still being worked on, but seems to have fallen behind somewhat.


Stainless is a work in progress, but it's developers have some interesting ideas.
Stainless is a work in progress, but it’s developers have some interesting ideas. Originally intended as an experiment to mimic Google’s Chrome, Stainless is now being developed as a full fledged browser.
Stainless’ unique feature is “parallel sessions”, allowing multiple logins to the same website via cookies private to each tab or window.
SSB for the Mac.


Like Prism, Fluid is an SSB for OS X. It has made the single site browser concept extremely popular is used for running web apps in their own environment.


Lastly, we have the Linux crowd. As mentioned above, Linux users can use several of the more mainstream browsers that are available on other platform. But most Linux distributions have a packaged browser that more than gets the job done.
Whether using the Gnome or KDE desktops, Linux users have solid browser options as well.
 A core part of the K Desktop Environment (KDE).


A web browser and a file manager, Konqueror is an integral part of KDE. It uses the open source KHTML as its rendering engine — the KHTML that was forked at one point to create WebKit.


Another option for Gnome users.
Intended to focus only on the web, Galeon was created early this decade as an alternative to the multipurpose options of Internet Explorer, Netscape and Mozilla browsers.
Galeon is no longer in active development.
A fork of Galeon.


An early descendant of the Galeon browser, Epiphany was intended for the Gnome desktop. Like Camino for OS X, it uses the Gecko rendering engine, but does not use the Mozilla XUL interface. Rather, it uses an integrated Gnome front end.


Swiftfox is a Firefox alternative for Linux.This option was built to optimize Intel and AMD processors. It is Linux only and is based on Firefox. Its purpose is to address the speed complaints aimed at Firefox.
Also only available for Linux.


Also built on Firefox, Swiftweasel is also optimized for certain architectures. The difference from Swiftfox is that Swiftweasel is completely open source.

Too Much Choice?

We don’t think so. Although there are a lot of options for web surfers today, we’re way better off than we were earlier this decade. And the fact is, the majority of us will use one of the main browsers anyways.
But competition is a good thing. These developers are continually working to keep up with one another — and that’s good news for the rest of us.

Informaton source : Internet                                                                                                                              


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